Yalta Percentages Agreement

The percentage agreement provided that Churchill would divide Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary on a 50-50 basis between Great Britain and Russia. Although the British sent troops to Greece, they did not keep their promise to Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary, and so they entered the Soviet sphere of influence after World War II. Do you have all this? It`s great! It was not until 1958 that Soviet historians recognized Churchill`s account in triumph and tragedy and denied it only to deny it. [69] Soviet diplomat Igor Zemskov wrote in the historical journal Mezhdunarodnaya zhizn that Churchill`s assertion of a percentage agreement was a baseless “sordid and rude” lie and said that Stalin had not made such an offer that it would have refused if it had been made. [69] The accusation that Stalin coldly and cynically abandoned the EAM, which was able to retake all of Greece in October 1944, proved damaging to his reputation in left-wing circles. Some historians, including Gabriel Kolko and Geoffrey Roberts, believe that the importance of the agreement is overstated. [70] Kolko writes: Among the percentages accepted by Stalin and Churchill, there was the Soviet Union, which took the lead of Eastern Europe with 50% in Yugoslavia, 90% in Romania and so on in Hungary, Bulgaria, etc. Britain would take the “lead” of Greece with 90%. During the remainder of the war, the three allies dutifully complied with the “percentage agreement.” Stalin believed he had obtained a pass in Eastern Europe, and Churchill could do whatever he wanted in Greece. time to secure a little; Only in this way do you know that the percentage of agreement between Stalin and Churchill was concluded and scribbled on a sheet of paper (official or what?) Churchill agreed because he was anxious to moderate Stalin`s demands and saw the agreement as a way to distance the Soviet leader from Greece and limit his influence in other areas that the Red Army had liberated from Nazi occupation. At the Yalta Conference (February 1945), Roosevelt proposed that the issues raised in the percentage agreement be decided by the new United Nations. Stalin was appalled because he wanted a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.

[82] During World War II, Winston Churchill painfully realized that Britain had spent its capital during the war and had become economically dependent on American support. Although Churchill wanted Britain to continue as a world power after the war, he was aware that the Soviet Union would be a much stronger power in a post-war world than before the war, while Britain would be a much weaker power than before the war. [5] At the same time, Churchill feared that the United States would return to isolationism after the war, thus facing a Britain that was more or less economically weakened by the Soviet Union. Faced with these concerns for the future, during the war Churchill systematically sought an agreement with Stalin, which could stabilize the post-war world and attach it to the Soviets in a manner favourable to British interests. [5] In this regard, Churchill was particularly concerned about securing the Mediterranean within the British sphere of influence and made it clear that he did not want the Communists to come to power in Italy, Greece and Yugoslavia, believing that the communist governments of those countries would allow the Soviet Union to establish air and naval bases in those countries. , which would threaten British navigation in the Mediterranean. [6] The Suez Canal and the Mediterranean were, along with the Dominions of Australia and New Zealand, an important shipping route between Great Britain and its colonies in Asia, particularly India.