What Was The Importance Munich Agreement

The plebiscite to give it control of the regions where the Sudeten Germans are in the minority was used by means of the referendum (which was rejected according to the Anglo-French proposals). Did Mr Chamberlain and Mr Daladier ask Hitler what the referendum was and how, without intimidation, he could hope for a German majority of Sudetenland in regions where, as you know, they are in the minority? Hitler`s elections and referendums offer many examples of how they can be manipulated. In Munich, Hitler won what he wanted – the reign of Central Europe – and German troops entered the Sudetenland on the night of October 1. The day before, the Czech government had accepted the Munich Pact. General Sirovy, the Czech Prime Minister, said on the radio that he had experienced the most tragic moment of his life: “I am carrying out the most painful task that may have fallen on me, a duty worse than death… the forces that are opposed to us compel us to recognize their superiority and act accordingly. In Germany, Josef Goebbels said: “We have all walked on a thin wire on a dizzying abyss… The world is filled with a frenzy of joy. Germany`s reputation has grown considerably. Now we are really back to being a world power. Since most of the border areas are in the area ceded under the Munich Agreement, the rest of Czechoslovakia, despite its relatively large reserves of modern armaments, was totally open to further invasions.

In a speech to the Reichstag, Hitler spoke of the importance of the occupation for the strengthening of the German army and said: That Germany, occupying Czechoslovakia, won 2,175 rifles and cannons, 469 tanks, 500 pieces of anti-aircraft artillery, 43,000 machine guns, 1,090,000 military rifles, 114,000 pistols, about one billion small arms and three million rounds of ammunition. This could arm about half of the Wehrmacht. [93] Czechoslovakian weapons later played an important role in the German conquest of Poland and France, the latter of which had pushed Czechoslovakia to capitulate to the Sudetenland in 1938. The “guarantees” of Germany and Italy will only guarantee Czechoslovakian neutrality if the requirements of Hungary and Poland are met – that is, their guarantee will only be given, if as long as it is, when the division of Czechoslovakia has progressed further. It is to be feared that by then any guarantee, whether German and Italian or British, will have lost any meaning it might have had. James M. Lindsay, CFR`s senior vice president and director of studies, points out the lessons learned from the Munich Accords: app appeasement of an adversary`s claims can defuse a crisis, but it can also increase the chances of a war by encouraging that opponent to ask for more. Chamberlain said that if Germany were to invade the Sudetenland, Hitler would finally be satisfied with the status quo in Europe. But Hitler instead saw in Munich his conviction that Britain and France did not lack the will to stop German expansion. Lindsay invites her audience to reflect on the issue or conflict that the United States might repeat. Although the initial British reaction was generally positive, as the population expected war, it quickly became angry.

Despite the royal patronage – Chamberlain was greeted as a hero by the royal family and invited to the balcony of Buckingham Palace before submitting the agreement to Parliament – the opposition was present from the start, and Clement Attlee and the Labour Party rejected the deal in alliance with what had previously been seen as the hard and reactionary element of the Conservative party Aba.